IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL TRAINING EXPERIENCES ON STUDENTS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN ESAN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
This study was carried out to look at the impact of Industrial Training Experience on students and organizations in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State. In other to direct this study, four (4) hypotheses were drawn up for the study. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire. The data collected for this respondent were then analysed and the hypotheses and the questions tested by using the simple percentage method. It was found out that the application for placement of Industrial Training was stressful and students gain a lot of benefits from the program. And it was discovered that student’s performance depends on the remuneration given them and employers agree that students helps the organization in their projects. Conclusively, it was recommended that students should be posted to companies and departments related to the students course of study. However, it was suggested that higher institutions should assist students in getting organizations to undertake their industrial training. There is also the need for the organizations to give the trainees some stipends and remunerations.
Background of the Study
Industrial training is a program that can never be overemphasized in a country. This program is one of the greatest tools used in helping in the development of a growing society. In every aspects and stages of education of a country, vocational and technical training is always advised to be included in the curriculum of a school and students should be sent to the outside world to practicalize what has been taught them theoretically in school.
Industrial training helps the students in developing his or her manipulative skills and increase experiences which will prepare him or her for the future. Also, industrial training is one of the yardsticks used for the growth of an organization to gain the opportunity to identify and evaluate potential employees, amongst others.
A country’s development also depends on the practical and manpower growths of its citizens which will help the economy of the country go grow and develop.
One of the greatest secrets of a developed country is the increase in entrepreneurship and manpower development. Entrepreneurship is in vogue. A wide range of factors have contributed to the revival of interest in entrepreneurship and small business all over the world. In recent years, many industrialized countries have suffered from economic recession, high unemployment rates and fluctuation in international trade cycles to a degree not experienced since World War II. This situation has tended to increase the attention paid by policy makers to the potential decision makers to the potential role of entrepreneurs as a possible solution to rising unemployment rates and as recipe for economic prosperity.
Human resources development can be said to embrace all the diverse processes more effectively aimed at transforming people, so that they can contribute more effectively to social, political and economic development of the nation. The development and effective utilization of human resources has always therefore been a primary concern for all governments and organizations in the whole world because of its importance to production and national development. In this respect, it can be said that a nations human resources can be improved and transformed by better health care, food availability, house care as well as conducive environment by education and training
It has been noticed by various interested stakeholders that in this present state of economic vicissitude, this country must make the most use of her one of her greatest asset; our working population. Perhaps, we cannot continuously increase the number of workers in our efforts to increase production; we must make do of those available at every level more efficient. This is obvious, but not the only justification for training.
Whatever the state of the economy and the labour market, training is always desirable and it seems self evident that with adequate trained and developed manpower, organizations are better ruined. Our economy’s future obviously depend son our making the utmost use of our human resources and it therefore becomes important that human effort should not be wasted either through lack of skill, interest or through indifferent management.
Definition of Manpower: manpower is a basic and primary resources of any kind of setup, be it a business or an entire nation. It is such an important asset that without it, all the other assets such as capital, machinery etc can never function.
As would be fully discussed later and in detail in this study, Industrial Training Fund is a training body established on 8th October 1971 aimed at promoting and encouraging the acquisition of skills in industry and commerce even in higher schools of learning with a view of generating a pool of indigenous trained manpower in the economy. The objective for which the fund was established has been vigorously and efficaciously. In the three decades of its existence, the industrial training fund has not only helped in generating a corps of skilled indigenous manpower which has been manning and managing various sectors of the national economy.
As part of its responsibilities, the ITF provides direct training, vocational and apprentice training, research and consultancy service, reimbursement of up to 60% levy paid by employers of labour registered with it, and administers the students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES).
What this study would want to find out generally is how students response to this scheme or training, that is do student gain practical knowledge from the training or do they pass through it because it is compulsory. In addition, do they respond more to the scheme or training because of remuneration they get from industrial training fund and sometimes companies or organizations that engage them in Industrial Attachment, do students contribute to the progress of firms or organizations that they use
In conclusion, the students’ industrial training experience scheme is one of the numerous programmes of Industrial Training Fund where students are engaged in industrial training at the different companies or organizations to enhance their manpower capacity and in-house training delivery effort.
Statement of the Study
Manpower development through training has become a compelling priority in our economic, social and political endeavours. We must recognize the fact that general education activities done is not enough as preparation for the world of work. The people need to be trained, retained constantly to keep pace with the changing needs of technological and economical progress.
It is this idea of general education not being enough that the Students Industrial Training Experience program was initiated by the Industrial Training Fund to give students future work experience.
Therefore, our problem on this study is to ascertain the acceptability and positive usage of the program by students and organizations in Nigeria. If the process for getting placement of Industrial Training was easy. If there is any relationship between remuneration and students performance. If industrial training program is a means of helping the organization in their projects
Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study includes the following
- To find out the impact of the program on practical work experiences of students
- To know whether the students’ industrial training experience program can be said to have fulfilled the objectives for which the program was set up
- To check students’ contribution to organizations where they are attached
- To make recommendations to the Industrial Training Fund program.
- If the application for placement of Industrial Training was stressful.
- If the purpose of Industrial Training is of any benefit to the students
- If there is any relationship between remuneration and students performance
- If Industrial Training Program is a means of helping the organization in their projects
Significance of the Study
It is expected that this study shows the following significance that;
- Students acquire industrial skills and experiences in their course of study.
- The missions and objectives of the industrial training fund are met
- Organizations also contribute to training of future employees as their corporate social responsibility
- Organizations benefit from continuous students’ attachment which brings about new perspective and fresh ideas into the working environment.
Delimitation of the Study
Industrial Training Fund (I.T.F) has many programs on manpower and human resources development. This study would be restricted to one of its programs which is the Industrial Training Experiences on students and organizations.
This study would be based on the Industrial Training in Esan West Local Government Area, Ekpoma Edo State. Students to be interviewed are those in Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma, Edo State and different organizations in the local government area.
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