THE IMPACT OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION PROGRAM FOR DISABLED STUDENTS IN NIGERIA
This research project investigated the impact of vocational rehabilitation programs for disabled students on the society, opportunity in a chosen occupation which may broaden mans competency and ability to be self reliant. This means that Vocational Rehabilitation has a great role to play in the development of the society. But it is unfortunate that very little is out of the much expected roles of vocational rehabilitation has been felt or achieved. Kaduna State Rehabilitation centre Nasarrawa Kaduna State has been chosen as the area of study. One hundred and fifteen (115) questionnaires were used to gather the data. Analysis of data was done using frequency table and percentages. Findings reveal that schools have no adequate facilities for the implementation of vocational rehabilitation education, no proper motivation for teachers and students. Also suggestion and recommendations were made for the provision of adequate facilities and adequate funds for the vocational rehabilitation centre.
Background to the Study
Rehabilitation is the action/process of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction or illness. In the case of the disabled, it is possible through social medicine, vocational and educational services. Persons with disabilities can be rehabilitated with a goal to maintain, normalize, integrate or reintegrate them into occupational, social and cultural life of the community they live. This will not only have a positive effect on the economy, it will also the social and cultural life of the people living with disabilities. Rehabilitation is achievable through medical, psychological, educational, vocational and social means.
The most paramount precept is, the individual learns self respect. In essence, the goal of rehabilitation is personal independence, social participation and economic productivity (Wikipedia, 2004)
The world health organization (WHO), 2006 says, rehabilitation includes all measures aimed at reducing the effects of disabling and handicapping conditions. It is also a facilitative process which enables a person with disability to attain usefulness and satisfaction in life. Rehabilitation could also be defined as the combined and coordinate use of medical, social, educational and vocational measures for training or retraining the individual to the highest possible level of functional ability. (WHO 2006).
Disability is limitation in an individual’s capacity to perform activities which are generally accepted as basic components of daily living such as self care, social relation and economic activities in accordance with his/her age, sex and social role as a result of physical or mental functional limitation. Rehabilitation should therefore provide solution to problems resulting a disability by minimizing its consequences and by preparing the disabled individuals for life functions and employment. (United Nation (UN), 1990).
The focal aim of rehabilitation is social and occupational integration allowing the disabled person live a normal life as possible. According to world report on disability, rehabilitation is a set of measures that assist individuals who experience, or are likely to experience disability to achieve and maintain optional functioning in interacting with their environments’. (World Health Organization (WHO), 2011).
It is on the premise that a problem identified is half solved that this research advocates the impact of vocational rehabilitation programme for disabled students for sustainable National development. A disable person is useful and impactful on the society and the economy. The need for vocational rehabilitation centres is advocated in this research. The disabled in most underdeveloped and developing nations are under – utilized and often looked at as the dreg of the society. To achieve vocational rehabilitation for students living with disabilities for sustainable national development, recommendations were put forward in the concluding part of this project work.
Statement of the Problem
Vocational rehabilitation programs for students living with disabilities are faced with following challenges/limitations amongst others.
Inadequate facilities: Some rehabilitation centre were not built to support people living with disabilities as a result accessing certain facilities or areas in the centres becomes challenging and hazardous to person living with disabilities. The age of range of the students are not also considered in constructing the buildings as such there are centres; aside the fact that they are inadequate, they are not built suit people or students living with disabilities.
Lack of interest in vocational rehabilitation among some disabled persons in Nigeria: Some of the persons living with disabilities prefer to beg or depend on relatives entirely. So most of them abscond from the centres thereby frustrating the effort the centre and the government. This factor is one of the reasons for the shortage of interdisciplinary professionals who should be working with the rehabilitation centres for people living with disabilities.
Inadequate resource materials and equipments: Some rehabilitation centres in Nigeria are under – equipped for a proper and effective training of the people with disabilities due to the failure if government to provide enough funds for the procurement of the necessary equipments needed for proper and effective training of people living with disabilities in Nigeria, and the maintaince of already existing equipments. Ozoji. 2002. Made it clear that the age of those to rehabilited are adults who, some already have families. Without caring for their families, their attention at the centres cannot be easily gotten.
Objective of the Study
The objective of the study is to increases our knowledge/understanding of the development and activities of vocational rehabilitation of students with diabilities.
- To find out the attitude of the people in the society toward vocational rehabilitation programme for the disabled student in Nigeria.
- To analyse the government attitude towards disabled student in Nigeria.
- To find out government plan after rehabilitating the disabled student in Nigeria.
- To find out the kind of motivation given to the teachers and student of the rehabilitation programme.
Significance of the Study
The findings of this study will be significant to the following parents of rehabilitees, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Government agencies and ministries, administrators of vocational rehabilitation centres, state and local government and federal government. It will also serve as part of literatures on vocational rehabilitation, education and vocational education. The findings of this study will be must important to the Federal and State government as it converts vocational rehabilitation centres into an economic tool for the nation. As such the content includes shoe making/Cobling, Baking/Confectionaries, Tailoring, Wood work, Carpentry, interior and exterior decoration, painting/artistic finishing, ICT, Movie Making etc.
The following questions where formulated for the purpose of this study. They are:
- What is government’s attitude towards of people in the society towards vocational rehabilitation programs for disable students in Nigeria?
- What is the government attitude towards vocational rehabilitation programme for the disabled students in Nigeria?
- What is the government plan after rehabilitating in the disabled students in Nigeria?
- What are the kinds of motivation given to the teachers and students of vocational rehabilitation program in Nigeria?
Scope of the Study
The scope of the study covers all the information and knowledge on the roles of vocational rehabilitation programs for students living with disability for sustainable national development. It gives all the necessary and vital information about vocational rehabilitation programs in Nigeria focusing on Kaduna State Rehabilitation Centre Nasarawa Kaduna State. This research is limited to Kaduna State as a case study. The study is designed to determine the impact of vocational rehabilitation programs for disable students for sustainable national development.
Definition of Terms
- Rehabilitation is the action/process of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction or illness.
- Vocational rehabilitation can therefore be referred to as all concerted effort at equipping the individuals with needful skills to function in a productive way based on the choice of vocation.
- Vocational Education is used as a comprehensive term referring to these aspects of educational process involving an addition to general education, the study of technology and science related, the acquisition for practical skill, attitudes, understanding and knowledge relating to occupation in various sectors of economic and social life.
- Disability is limitation in an individual’s capacity to perform activities which are generally accepted as basic components of daily living such as self care, social relation and economic activities in accordance with his/her age, sex and social role as a result of physical or mental functional limitation.
- WHO: World Health Organization
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