AN ASSESSMENT OF ACCESS AND UTILIZATION OF ONLINE INFORMATION RESOURCES BY STUDENTS OF KADUNA BUSINESS SCHOOL
Recently certified librarians are revolutionalizing the library profession by collaborating with peers and colleagues from all ages to make things happen. This research work examines “an assessment of access and utilization of online information resources by students of Kaduna State Business School. The design of the study is survey method. The population consists of 815 students and the sample size is 98. The instrument used to generate data is the questionnaire and the data generated was analysed using frequency and simple percentage method with table presentation. The outcome of the study reveals that computers were the major online resources made available to students in Kaduna Business School (KBS). National Diploma students of KBS makes use of the computers and electronic books provided to access information, and the major challenge faced by students is inconsistent power supply. In chapter five, conclusion was made so also summary of the findings based on the study. Some recommendations were given such as: inverter and battery system should be installed in the electronic library to ensure regular power supply.
1.1 Background of the Study
An assessment on access and utilization of online information resources among students is a new phenomenon in developing countries today According to Encyclopedia, online information resources in general, are web pages and documents on the internet that provide useful information. While an online resource is typically data and educational in nature, any support software available online can also be considered a resource. online information resources meet the need of researchers and information seekers. The online information resources provide access to information far beyond the limits of the print collections in libraries.
To effectively use the online resources, users must know of their existence. It is the responsibility of libraries that have acquired these resources to offer the access and utilization. Ibrahim (2004) observed that library users are no longer obliged to visit the library at regular opening hours to meet all their information needs. They may search the libraries on-line catalogues, use a subject guide or database to access a citation from the internet or online books to utilize the library. According to Mutala and Ojedokun (2008) opined that online information resources are increasingly being utilized by several agencies-government, private sector, and tertiary institutions, e.t.c. because they make research easier for scholars and may ease budgetary constraints associated with the acquisition of print resources. They help to reduce preservation problems or help libraries extend collections into new media. Above all, they help to make information readily available. It is in the same vein that woldman (2003) observed that students looks for the fastest way that will lead to satisfactory results when doing research. Online information resources are sought by every students at all levels of tertiary institutions.
Accessibility of online information resources stands for those online information resources that users access Online via a computing network form inside the library or remote to the library (Shim et al 2001). According to A.L.A (2005) update, as cited in Weitzh (2006) , an Online resource is a material (data and or programme ) encoded for manipulation by a computerized device. This material may be required the use of a peripheral directly connected to a computerized device (E.g CD-ROM) or a connection to a computer network (e.g. internet) the concept of online information resources consists of texts, audio, visuals, graphic and animations in nature that are accessible through the aid of digital technologies, ideally these should provide users access to online information resources via Online means. However, this definitions also includes online resources such as databases on standalone personal computers, information on CD-ROMs that may not be accessible through the internet or other networks. Tammaro (2006) observed that online information resources include websites, online databases, e-journals, e-books, CD-ROMS, audio visuals, multimedia, e.t.c.
Brief History of Kaduna Business School
Kaduna Business School (KBS) was established in the year 2000 with a mandate to develop people and strengthen institutions by offering high quality management programs. Consulting services, organizational restructuring and short-term academic programs to both public and private sector organizations. Over the years K.B.S has run several entrepreneurship programs for small medium enterprise (SME) owners as well as a number of training, restructuring and re-alignment programs for several government institutions.
KBS is committed to partnering with individuals and organizations in the realization of professionals and personal goals and the attainment of full potentials. It is located in the heart of Kaduna city, in a serene environment quite conductive for learning and imbibing into its delegates/students the concept of going green. The institutes to upgrade and add new ultra-modern structures to its campus. It also has a standard annex situated within the city, equipped with world class learning facilities and fully air-conditioned to compete in the context of creating value proposition.
Literature have showed that access and utilization of online resources in libraries have been a serious setback based on students experiences to achieve their academic objectives. Therefore, the present study is to assess the access and utilization of online information resources by students of Kaduna Business School.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
An assessment on access and utilization of online information resources is determined to improve the migration form purely print materials to online information resources in Kaduna Business School. In line of adopting technology not only to supplement the already stretched print resources but also to offer more up to date alternative. However, despite the massive investment on the online information resources, it has been realized that the resources utilization levels are low.
According to personal information on investigation the access and utilization of online information resources are closed to some categories of postgraduate students in Kaduna Business School. It is with the above scenario that this research work is determined to assess the access and utilization of online information resources by the students of Kaduna Business School.
1.3 Research Questions
The research questions for this study are as follows:
- What type of online resources are available to students of Kaduna Business School?
- What category of students are allowed access to online information resources in Kaduna business school?
- What is the extent of satisfaction on the utilization of online resources in Kaduna Business School?
- How are users able to overcome the challenges faced in using online information resources in Kaduna Business School?
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The following are the objectives of the study
- To identify the type of online information resources available to students of Kaduna Business school
- To determine the category of students that are allowed access to the online resources.
- To ascertain the extent of the online information research on the research worak of Kaduna Business school.
- To identify the challenges users are able to overcome in access and utilization of online resources in Kaduna business school.
1.5 Significance of the Study
The findings of this study will benefit the following: students of Kaduna Business School, staff, researchers and library profession.
Access and utilization of online resources by students of Kaduna Business School is significant because it will bridge the gap in time of access to information in print materials and those in online information resources. The findings of the study will benefit the staff and professionals because it will create awareness to join the current technological trends of development by providing online information resources to students. The findings of the study will benefit the library profession by bringing to light the use or non-use of these online information resources. The findings to the researchers will also reveal the problems encountered in the access and use of the resources to which solutions will be profited.
1.6 Scope and Delimitations of Study
The study is carried out in Kaduna. The study is centered on the assessing the use of online information resources by the students of Kaduna Business School, Kaduna. The targeted subjects for the study are the students of Kaduna Business School. The study will cover the type of online information resources available, category of students allowed access to online information resources, utilization and challenges users are able to overcome in access and utilization of online information resources in Kaduna Business School.
1.7 Operational Definition of Terms
The following terms are defined in the context in which they are used in this study:
Assessment: In education, the term assessment refers to the wide variety of methods of tools that educators use to evaluate, measure, and document the academic readiness, learning progress, skill acquisition, or educational needs of students.
Accessibility: Physical or virtual contact with information resources or services.
Availability: This is ready access to information in the Online format with little or no stress to the library user.
Awareness: This is the knowledge that something exists because an individual or the intended user notices it or realizes that it is available or happening.
CD-ROM: Compact disc (CD) according to Risopoulous (1988:78) is a laser – read (also termed optically read) data storage device on which audio, video or textual material can be stored.
Online Library (E-Library): This is seen as a digital library, repository or collection. It is an online database of digital objects that can include text, store images, audio, video or other digital media formats.
Online Information Resources: These are online information resources that users access Onlineally via a computing network. Examples include online databases, e- journals, e-books, CD-ROMs, audio visual multimedia, etc.
Information: This is simply any fact being told or learned about something or someone that brings about knowledge.
OPAC: an Online Public Access Catalog (often abbreviated as OPAC or simply Library Catalog) is an online database of materials held by a library or group of libraries. It is a computerized library catalog available to the public. Most OPACs are accessible over the Internet to users all over the world.
Resources: This is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced that serves or guides teaching aid.
Services: Those activities employed, performed that help to retrieve or gain access to information.
Students: A students is primarily a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution who attends classes in a course to attain the appropriate level or mastery of a subject under the guidance of an instructor and who devotes time outside class to do whatever activities the instructor assigns that are necessary either for class preparation or to submit evidence of progress towards that mastery.
Utilization: The action of making practical and effective use of something.