EFFECT OF DRUG ABUSE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS
1.0 Background of the study
Regardless of every human being’s retardation, they always have the capacity to do something, whether negative or positive, which brings about increase or decrease in a society’s rate of productivity in all aspects of life.
Many years back, agriculture was the main means of production, but today, education have exposed us to divers’ ways of other creative activities, agriculture inclusive. As the society continue to modernize, vices that will hinder consistent and progressive education are looked out for either removed or reduced to the barest minimum. One of such vices is drug abuse. Drug abuse in our modern society is rampant among the adolescents’ i.e. people of school going age, normally from the ages of 10-19 years.
According to Nwodo (1996), “Adolescents by the nature are characteristically regarded as prime factors in sustainable nation building and leader of tomorrow in all facets of life’. Indeed no nation which aspires to greatness can afford to ignore its adolescents.
When we talk of drug, we mean those man-made or natural curing substances which can be used by a person to change the way he thinks, Behave and feels. Drug abuse itself means the use of drugs by those individuals that use them, and the extent of the abuse depend on the individuals too. Such abused drugs include Cannabis (Marijuana), alcohol, heroin, cocaine, Indian hemp, coolcine e.t.c.
1.1 Statement of the problem
Drug abuse among adolescents is something of great concern. Even the Federal and State Government decried the rate of examination failure in secondary schools. This is attributed to several factors, mainly the issue of delinquency and drugs. This is usually mentioned in several places for like seminars, workshops and conferences.
One of the problems is poor up bringing; some of these adolescents are hardly monitored by their parents. So, their habits and interactions within the peer group is mostly not a matter of concern to most of the parents. This is as a result of the habit of some of the parents, who do not stop their children from doing anything they want, as seen in my neighbourhood. Another problem is that the adolescent’s period happens to fall into the secondary school going age. In this respect, adolescents are suppose to be well guided, disciplined and be purposed. This period is the preparatory period for the future in terms of professional careers and personal management. The treatment of adolescents who abuse drugs seem not to be effective and is growing everyday and thus leading to poor academic performance. Another problem is that studies have not been focused on drug abuse and how it affects academic performance of adolescents in secondary schools in Nasarawa.
In view of existing literature, studies so far carried out have not been specific as it covers generally the whole of Kaduna Metropolis and in some case the whole of Kaduna State. The researcher is out to:
- Enquire of the types of drugs that these adolescents take and what the effects on academic performance are.
- Find out the rampancy of schools involved.
- The commonly abused drugs
- Find out the gender that mostly abused drugs
1.2 Purpose of the study
The study has specifically, the following purposes;
- To find out the types of drugs usually abused by adolescents
- To determine the abuse among females
- To determine the causes of drug abuse among adolescents
- To determine the group that is mostly affected by drug in terms of age.
1.3 Significant of the Study
The knowledge of the relationship between the drug takers and academic performance will help stakeholders to curb the act and improve its impact on learning. Such stakeholders include; social welfare centres, schools law enforcement agencies, parents and schools administrators. They will be able to understand certain behaviour in youths and the rationale behind such actions. Strategies can be made by such stakeholders to help abusers out of their problems.
1.4 Research Questions
The study would be aimed at proposing and answering research questions as follow;
- What are the types of drugs that are abused?
- What are the effects of drug abuse on academic performance on students?
- What are the causes of drug abuse among adolescents?
- Which are the group of adolescents mostly affected by drug abuse?
1.5 Scope of the Study
The study was restricted only to the effects of drug abuse on adolescents in post primary schools in terms of academic performance. The research was conducted in Sabon Tasha Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State. It was done in eight selected schools namely: government Secondary School, Zikas Secondary School, Christ Ambassador, Damtek School, Filkom School, Fredapal School, Our Lady of Fatima, Bright School – all in Sabon Tasha.
- There is no significant difference in academic performance between those who abuse drugs and those who do not.
- There is significant difference in academic performance between male and female abusers of drugs.
- There is no significant difference in academic performance between abusers at early adolescent and late adolescent.
1.7 Definition of terms
- Drug addiction: according to the World Health Organization, drug addiction is defined as “a periodic or chronic intoxication detrimental to the individual and to the society produced by repeated consumption of drugs.
- Hard Drugs: they are prohibitive chemical formula which is injurious to ones system except when recommended by a physician in crucial circumstances’.
- Soft Drugs: they are common and simple tablet, Syrup and Capsules which are easily accessible to people upon recommendation by a doctor.
- Adolescent: person of moderate and productive age ranging from 11-35 years.
- Dooze: amount of drug administered at a particular time.
- Delinquent: Webster dictionary defines it as actually wanted to commit a fault or neglect to do what duty or law requires.
- Drug Trafficking: carrying out trade in drugs especially illegally or improper kinds of drugs.
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